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Friday, 12 June 2015 19:29

Horizon Scanning workshop

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  Trianer: Malekifar Aghil Phd. Date: June/11/2015 The workshop was about "horizon scanning". Mr. Malekifar is one the most famous Futurists in IRAN. Horizon scanning looks for weak signals indicating the emergence of new meta-issues and issues.   A scan must adopt the largest possible scope for the core question under watch.   The idea of horizon scanning is built upon older ideas and methods such as “environmental scanning,” “strategic foresight” and “indications and warning” (also labelled “strategic warning” and “warning intelligence” see Grabo, 2004). Actually, as underlined by Glenn and Gordon, “’environmental scanning’ is the term most futurists used in the 1960-1970s, but as the environmental movement grew, some thought the term might only refer to systems to monitor changes in the natural environment due to human actions.  To avoid this confusion, some have called them ‘Futures Scanning Systems’, ‘Early Warning Systems’ and ‘Futures Intelligence Systems’.” ‘Strategic warning’ and related terms are  used notably by the military to avoid strategic surprises (e.g. Pearl Harbour).   Horizon scanning was notably popularised (to a point as the whole anticipation field is still largely known only to specialists) by its use in the denomination of various governments’ offices, such as the UK…
Friday, 03 July 2015 17:19

How To Win The Day

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some parts if the text: You are the alchemist of your life. The universe, perfect for 14 billion years, has given you everything you need to thrive. And yet...we often want to forcibly change the universe to fit our own selfish needs.  --------------- The universe is a contradiction. It is infinitely open and yet we can't escape it. It is 99.9999% empty and yet is filled with everything. Atoms bounce around totally randomly and yet defined by the most precise equations. Einstein said "God doesn't roll dice" and yet...every moment is unpredictable. We'll never understand the contradiction and we shouldn't try. Trying has led to myths, to misconceptions, to wars, to anguish.  ------------- Hal didn't fight what the universe had dealt him. He turned the fear and the pain and crushed it down into a diamond. The diamond he now calls his "miracle morning" routine that he put together bit by bit to save his life. And now by he uses that same routine to save the lives of thousands of others.    I like his routine because it fits perfectly into what I call "The daily practice" of choosing yourself: striving to improve every day 1% across physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual health.  ---…
We sometimes use be able to instead of can and could to talk about ability. However, we avoid be able to - when we talk about something that is happening as we speak: Watch me, Mum; I can stand on one leg. (not ...I'm able to stand on one leg.)  before passives: CDs can now be copied easily.(rather than CDs are now able to be copied...) when the meaning is 'know how to': Can you cook? (rather than Are you able to cook?)  
Theory Activity system diagram The goal of Activity Theory is understanding the mental capabilities of a single individual. However, it rejects the isolated individuals as insufficient unit of analysis, analyzing the cultural and technical aspects of human actions.[7] Activity theory is most often used to describe actions in a socio-technical system through six related elements (Bryant et al.) of a conceptual system expanded by more nuanced theories: Object-orientedness - the objective of the activity system. Object refers to the objectivness of the reality; items are considered objective according to natural sciences but also have social and cultural properties. Subject or internalization - actors engaged in the activities; the traditional notion of mental processes Community or externalization - social context; all actors involved in the activity system Tools or tool mediation - the artifacts (or concepts) used by actors in the system. Tools influence actor-structure interactions, they change with accumulating experience. In addition to physical shape, the knowledge also evolves. Tools are influenced by culture, and their use is a way for the accumulation and transmission of social knowledge. Tools influence both the agents and the structure. Division of labor - social strata, hierarchical structure of activity, the division of activities…
Abstract Purpose: This survey aims to review and analyze the Iran LIS articles indexed in WOS during 2000-2011. Method: Using a quantitative and qualitative content analysis, this survey tries to give a proper view of scientific productions in the field of LIS. The time period considered in this study is 2000-2011. Findings: Results of the content analysis of articles showed that out of 200 articles, "Internet (search engines ...)" and "Bibliometrics (Scientometrics, Webometrics, citation analysis ...)" are the most frequently ones among special topics. On the other hand, ""Technology" is the most visible category among broad subjects. Conclusions: Base of findings, it seems that several issues are not addressed by Iranian LIS researchers; issues such as "Reference Services", "Conlection Development", "Library Invironments", "Library Automation", "Disability Services", "Archives/Preservation", and so on. Keywords: Library and Information Science, Iranian Library and Information Science Association (ILISA), content analysis.
Introduction of this article: The objective of this chapter is to provide a general introduction to some key theoretical concepts of use in library and information science (LIS) research. First, the tree terms in the title - metatheory, theory, and model - are defined and discussed. Next, an extended example is provided of a case in which a researcher might consider and test various models or theories in information-seeking research. Next, metatheories are considered a greater lenght, and the distinction is made between nomothetic and idiographic metatheories. Finally, 13 metatheoretical approachesin wide use in LIS are described. Explanatorytexts are referenced, as well as example studies using each approach. The discussion in necessarily brief and simplifying.

 

Shahryaar Mohammadzadeh
Diploma:
Mathematics & Physics (1992)
Bscs:
Computer Engineering (1999)
Master:
Information Science (2013-?)

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